HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted infections - care, support and prevention - AIDS action  

HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted infections - care, support and prevention - AIDS action

  HIV / AIDS and sexually transmitted infections
  care, support and prevention

 

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 HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted infections - care, support and prevention - AIDS action
 

Practical information for health
workers, educators and community
carers on HIV, AIDS and sexually
transmitted infections covering care,
support and prevention.

Source International Information Support Centre
International Information
Support Centre



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HIV testing: a practical approach 
This complete publication as pdf  14.3 mbThis publication in pdf format

 
HIV testing: a practical approach

This practical guide to HIV testing was produced in 1999. It covers all aspects of testing including issues of confidentiality and counselling. It is aimed at people who are responsible for providing health services, for policy makers and planners, and for non-governmental organisations (NGOs) that provide counselling and testing services.

 

 

 

Contents

Acknowledgements
 
Definitions
 
Introduction 

Section 1  Why test for HIV?
 

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1.1  When are HIV tests used?

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1.2  Questions to consider before implementing HIV testing

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1.3  What are the advantages of voluntary HIV testing?

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1.4  What are the disadvantages of voluntary HIV testing?

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1.5  What problems are associated with mandatory testing? 

Section 2  Deciding which tests to use
 

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2.1  HIV antibody tests

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2.2  Tests to detect the virus

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2.3  Accuracy of the test

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2.4  Different tests for different purposes

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2.5  Choice of test 

Section 3  Screening blood for transfusion
 

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3.1  Reducing the risk of transfusing infected blood

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3.2  Information for blood donors 

Section 4  Implementing HIV testing for individuals 
 

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4.1  Requirements for testing individuals

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4.2  Situations with limited resources

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4.3  Counselling for voluntary HIV testing

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4.4  Pre-test counselling

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4.5  Post-test counselling

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4.6  Being prepared for different situations

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4.7  Confidentiality

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4.8  Problems with implementing counselling services

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4.9  HIV testing for particular groups

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Section 5  Screening for surveillance 
  
Appendix 1  Considering HIV testing and testing strategies 
Appendix 2  Characteristics of some selected HIV tests
 
Resources
Organisations 
Evaluation Questionnaire 



    

 

 
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