HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted infections - care, support and prevention - AIDS action  

HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted infections - care, support and prevention - AIDS action

  HIV / AIDS and sexually transmitted infections
  care, support and prevention

 

• Home • Site Map • About Us •



Connect

Follow MotherChild on Twitter  Connect with MotherChild on Facebook  Subscribe to HealthPhone on YouTube


AIDS action
Caring with confidence
HIV and safe motherhood
HIV testing
Making Sex Work Safe
Men's sexual health matters
Steps to making sex safer
HIV/AIDS Resource Pack
 


 HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted infections - care, support and prevention - AIDS action
 

Practical information for health
workers, educators and community
carers on HIV, AIDS and sexually
transmitted infections covering care,
support and prevention.

Source International Information Support Centre
International Information
Support Centre



HealthPhone: Health, Medical Training Videos



 

 
Caring with confidence
  >  Introduction
This section as pdf  198 kbThis section in pdf format


Introduction

Caring with Confidence - Practical information for health workers who prevent and treat HIV infection in children

Acknowledgements
Introduction
How HIV and AIDS affect young children
Preventing HIV infection in young children
Diagnosis, treatment and care
Issues for health workers
Selected resources
Glossary
Appendix 1
Appendix 2

 

 

 

Caring with confidence    2   Page 3   5  top of page

  Introduction

 


Children worldwide are affected by HIV and AIDS, either because they are infected with the virus themselves or because their mother, father or sibling has HIV infection, or because they are vulnerable to infection.


Children worldwide are affected by HIV and AIDS, either because they are infected with the virus themselves or because their mother, father or sibling has HIV infection, or because they are vulnerable to infection. 

Until recently, the impact of HIV and AIDS on infants and young children has been a neglected issue. This is because children have been the last to be affected by the epidemic, and because children have little voice in society. In addition, children with HIV often have the same infections as children without HIV, so the extent of the problem in children has been unclear. Access is lacking to basic information about how to prevent HIV infection in children, about diagnosis, treatment and care of children with HIV, in settings with limited resources, and about how to provide support and counselling. There has been little research on the effect of HIV infection in young children and on their families, or on young children who are not themselves infected but where other family members may be infected with HIV and AIDS.

This briefing paper has been developed in response to requests to Healthlink Worldwide's Child Health and AIDS and Sexual Health Programmes. It also covers issues and concerns raised by participants at a workshop on AIDS and children held in 1997 in Zambia, who included mothers living with HIV, nurses, paediatricians, midwives, counsellors, and representatives from non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Because children in sub-Saharan Africa have been most affected by HIV/AIDS to date, many of the examples referred to in the briefing paper are from Africa. Other parts of the world, where HIV/AIDS in children is a growing problem, can learn from, use and adapt African experiences. 

Greater priority needs to be given to improving the quality of life of children with, and affected by, HIV and AIDS by ensuring that they have access to appropriate treatment, care and support. This means addressing their emotional and psychological needs as well as their physical needs, and ensuring that they are not subject to discrimination, victimisation and exploitation because of their own HIV status or that of members of their family. 

The briefing paper focuses on children aged from birth to five years and it is intended primarily for health workers in developing countries who are responsible for the management of young children with HIV and AIDS. It is hoped that the briefing paper will also be of interest to educators, NGOs and those working with community organisations who are involved with HIV prevention and the care of young children with HIV and AIDS. 

The paper concentrates on practical information about:
 

bullethow HIV is transmitted to infants and young children
bullethow transmission can be prevented 
bullethow to diagnose HIV and AIDS in young children
bullethow to care for children with HIV, including treatment of common infections
bullethow to provide support to families caring for sick children
bullethow children who are not infected may be affected by HIV
bullethow HIV and AIDS in children affects health workers and other caregivers.

 
Other important issues related to HIV/AIDS and children that health workers need to be aware of - for example, community support, orphans, sexual abuse, HIV testing and counselling - are mentioned briefly but not discussed in detail. 

There is still much that we do not know about transmission of HIV to children, in particular when it happens and why. This makes it difficult to know how best to prevent transmission. Clinical diagnosis of HIV in children is also difficult because of the overlap with common childhood illnesses. The briefing paper outlines some of the current debates and unanswered questions, and indicates where more research is needed or is being done. However, health workers should remember two important things, in terms of what they can do. First, the most effective way to prevent HIV in children is to prevent HIV infection in women. Second, care of young children with HIV is based on the same principles as children without HIV-immunisation, good nutrition, preventing infections, and early and effective treatment of common illnesses.



    



 

 
top of page

• Home • Site Map • About Us • AIDS action • Caring with confidence • HIV and safe motherhood • HIV testing • Making Sex Work Safe • Men's sexual health matters • Steps to making sex safer • HIV/AIDS Resource Pack
 

The Mother and Child Health and Education Trust
a U.S. 501(c)(3) non profit organization
our portals and sites