HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted infections - care, support and prevention - AIDS action  

HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted infections - care, support and prevention - AIDS action

  HIV / AIDS and sexually transmitted infections
  care, support and prevention

 

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 HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted infections - care, support and prevention - AIDS action
 

Practical information for health
workers, educators and community
carers on HIV, AIDS and sexually
transmitted infections covering care,
support and prevention.

Source International Information Support Centre
International Information
Support Centre



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Caring with confidence
  >  Glossary
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Glossary

Caring with Confidence - Practical information for health workers who prevent and treat HIV infection in children

Acknowledgements
Introduction
How HIV and AIDS affect young children
Preventing HIV infection in young children
Diagnosis, treatment and care
Issues for health workers
Selected resources
Glossary
Appendix 1
Appendix 2



Caring with confidence   
56   Page 57   58  top of page

  Glossary

 

Amniocentesis - taking a sample of the fluid surrounding the baby in the womb

Anaemia - reduced levels of haemoglobin -the substance inside red blood cells that carries oxygen 

Bacteraemia - bacterial infection in the bloodstream 

Caesarian section - an operation to remove the baby from the mother's abdomen

Colostrum - the milk produced by the mother in the first few days after birth

Counselling - aims to enable someone to cope better with stress, find realistic ways to solve problems and make informed decisions. Counselling is different from giving advice. Counselling is about enabling people to decide for themselves how to solve their problems. Giving advice is about suggesting how they might solve their problems. Counselling involves listening, learning, sharing and caring. 

Cyanosis - blueness of the lips or tongue, most often due to a lack of oxygen

Hypoxia - lack of oxygen, indicated by symptoms such as restlessness, difficulty breathing (dyspnoea), inability to suck 

Mother-to-child transmission (or vertical transmission) - refers to transmitting HIV during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding 

Prophylaxis (or preventive therapy) - chemoprophylaxis is the use of drugs to prevent disease 

Sepsis - the presence of pus-forming bacteria in the blood or tissues, such as in septicaemia (blood poisoning) 

Wet nursing - when someone other than the mother breastfeeds a baby

In this briefing paper, children can refer to anyone from 0 to 18 years of age. Young children refers to anyone from 0 to 5 years of age.



    


 

 
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